2. Hydrogeological Conceptual Model

A hydrogeological conceptual model is a visual representation of how water moves over and through the earth.

figure7_islands

The model helps us explain how water moves through cracks and fractures in a sandstone aquifer.

When rain falls on the ground, some of it travels slowly down through the ground to the aquifer.

  • As water makes its slow journey, it is filtered by soil, sand and gravel. This water is called groundwater.
  • Some of the rainwater runs over the land into lakes, rivers, and streams. This water is called surface water.

The model is based on measurements and observations, and what is currently known about groundwater processes.

The model helps us to better understand the potential flow pathways and storage properties of the aquifers, the amount of groundwater involved, and how these quantities relate to water demand on the islands.


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